Key Stage 1 & 2 Curriculum

Swindon Academy Primary provides a well-balanced, challenging and stimulating education that will benefit all and allow children to be the best they can be through the highest standards of teaching and learning.

We follow Government statutory guidance and have used research to develop a curriculum which is informative, educational and challenging. Our aim is to engage and inspire every child. Educational visits and visitors to school enable us to provide real opportunities to reinforce learning, widen horizons, develop new knowledge and skills and engage in new experiences.

Key Stages

Our curriculum is organised into blocks of years called ‘key stages’ (KS). At the end of each key stage, your child’s teacher will formally assess their performance to measure your child’s progress.

Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum

Each area of the Foundation Stage curriculum has equal weighting and children are given opportunities to develop skills and knowledge in all these areas through a wide range of learning opportunities and continuous provision. Through careful observation and assessment staff move children on in their learning and encourage them to participate in identifying the next steps for their learning.

Learning opportunities are developed through:

  • Play which is structured at times to enable new skills to develop
  • Allowing children to make their own decisions and choices
  • Providing a range of stimulating resources that children are encouraged to explore freely and through direction from staff
  • Incorporating role-play and talk into sessions
  • Enquiry
  • Offering very high-quality pastoral care so that children feel confident, valued and secure

Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2


English has a pre-eminent place in education and in society. A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak, listen, read and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and so others can communicate with them. Through our English curriculum, pupils have a chance to develop their knowledge, cultural capital, love for learning and their character. They are exposed to a range of texts enabling pupils to acquire new knowledge and to build on what they already know. Our aim is to teach pupils to speak fluently and listen intently so that they can communicate clearly and develop their understanding. We aim to inspire pupils to gain pleasure and develop confidence within their English skills, wherever possible for genuine purposes and real audiences. We believe all the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised.

You can view the English Curriculum Map here.


In Reception, Years 1 and 2 children’s writing lessons are based on a book for fiction writing and a non-fiction model text for non-fiction writing. The lessons are planned and taught using the Talk for Writing Approach. Children learn a model text and use this as a model to write their own.  

In Years 3 to 6, children’s writing lessons are integrated through a class novel study. Non-fiction, poetry and extracts have been chosen to add depth to the novel study and support the development of grammatical knowledge and writing skills. During writing lessons, sections of the novel and/or supporting non-fiction and poetry texts are used along with ‘model’ texts to build children’s knowledge and vocabulary. 

Writing for a Purpose teaches children about the 4 main types of writing; Writing to Entertain, Writing to Inform, Writing to Persuade and Writing to Discuss.  The pupils focus on commonalities between text types rather than children learning 10 or more different ‘genres’.  By the end of KS2, pupils will be confident to write for all purposes and will be aware that, for example, a newspaper article could fall under any or all of the headings.  


We use the Read Write Inc handwriting scheme to develop handwriting in our pupils from Reception to Year 6. Any child who continues to require further support for handwriting is picked up in additional sessions throughout the day.


At Swindon Academy we use a book-based approach at EYFS and Key Stage 1 and a Novel Study approach at Key Stage 2. In Reception and Key Stage 1 our writing curriculum is based on a book each term and writing opportunities are linked to the text. At Key Stage 2, English is taught through separate reading and writing lessons. However, there are explicit links between the lessons on the text and extracts from the texts are used to support their writing and to develop their reading skills.

In EYFS and KS1 we follow Read Write Inc to teach the children a systematic approach to reading. From Year 1 we supplement our reading curriculum with Daily Supportive Reading.  Children enjoy daily independent reading in small groups matched to their independent reading level, led by a trained adult. In Key Stage 2 we use novels to support and develop a love of reading, whilst also developing children’s reading skills and fluency.


At Swindon Academy, we want our pupils to develop a thirst for mathematical knowledge and develop a deeper understanding of the mathematical concepts required for life outside of the Academy. It is our intention that they will master the skills required to reason and problem solve and that, by the end of Year 6, they will have the required knowledge of problem solving and reasoning through our teaching of the Concrete, Pictoral, Abstract approach.

Our mathematics curriculum focuses on developing the fluency of the four basic operations (+, -, x and ÷) which underpin a pupils’ ability to tackle increasingly difficult Mathematics. As a school, we have adopted the Maths No Problem scheme of learning which uses a spiral design with carefully built-up mathematical concepts and processes. Ideas are revisited at higher levels as the curriculum spirals through the years. Lessons and activities are designed to be taught using problem-solving approaches to encourage pupils to reach mastery.

You can view the Curriculum Map for Maths here


At Swindon Academy we recognise the importance of Science in every aspect of life. As one of the core subjects taught in Primary schools, we give the teaching and learning of Science the prominence it requires. Our curriculum offers coherent, substantive knowledge of the scientific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics that provides pupils with a secure, deep understanding of the nature, processes and principles of science through clear instruction and deliberate practice.

Purposeful interdisciplinary links allow pupils to make meaningful connections and understand the world around them. Pupils learn scientific skills such as, planning, measuring, observing, recording, analysing and evaluating. We intend for our curriculum to be inspiring and generate excitement and curiosity in pupils. We want to give all children a strong understanding of the world around them whilst acquiring specific skills and knowledge to help them to think scientifically.

You can view the Science Curriculum Map here.


At Swindon Academy we recognise the importance of understanding the world around us and believe that both history and geography allow children to develop this understanding. Our Knowledge rich curriculum is carefully sequenced, so pupils develop their understanding of substantive and disciplinary knowledge in both disciplines. Their knowledge builds gradually across the units and year with ley themes and skills being revisited regularly.

Purposeful interdisciplinary links allow pupils to make meaningful connections and understand the world around them. Our curriculum is designed to be inclusive and engaging for all pupils regardless of their background. We ensure that the knowledge taught, is taught to be remembered and supports children so that they can think and work like historians and geographers. We ensure our history and geography lessons are ambitious and motivating, delivered through engaging knowledge-rich lessons, and enhanced with trips and visits. Thus, inspiring in pupils a curiosity and fascination about history and geography that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.

You can view the History Curriculum Map here.

You can view the Geography Curriculum Map here.


Through our Art Curriculum, children have the opportunity to develop and extend their skills in drawing, painting and sculpting whilst expressing their individual interests, creativity, thoughts and ideas. The curriculum is designed to enable children to learn by making connections between the work of artists, architects, and designers and their own work. Pupils evaluate and relate the work they have studied to their own creations. Children also learn how art and design both reflect and shape our history, and contribute to the culture, creativity and wealth of our nation.

You can view the Curriculum Map for Art here.


Our computing curriculum is delivered through three key strands: e-safety, computing and digital literacy.  We teach out pupils to be responsible, competent, confident and creative users of information and communication technology. Pupils learn how to use technology safely and responsibly and e-safety is revisited throughout school life regularly.

The core of computing is computer science, in which pupils are taught the principles of information and computation, how digital systems work and how to put this knowledge to use through programming. Building on this knowledge and understanding, pupils are equipped to use information technology to create a range of content. The computing curriculum also ensures that pupils become digitally literate - able to use and express themselves and develop their ideas through technology. Our curriculum aims to develop our pupil's ICT skills for the future workplace and as active participants in a digital world.

You can view the Computing Curriculum Map here.

Religious Education

Our RE curriculum follows the Swindon Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education and is taught to help children prepare for the wide range of beliefs and values that they will encounter. Children are presented with a range of religious traditions and beliefs that can be found in Swindon.  RE also offers children the opportunities to reflect, discuss and develop confidence in their own views and to help respect the views of others. Children are given the chance to build the knowledge, understanding and skills that are essential for life in modern Britain.

You can view the Curriculum Map for RE here.

Modern Foreign Languages

At Swindon Academy, we teach MFL through three dedicated immersion days, exposing our pupils to both the language and the culture of Spain and other Spanish-speaking nations. We teach new vocabulary in small steps and at each step provide ample opportunity for pupils to practice it, both orally and in writing. We encourage pupils to ask and answer questions in Spanish, to add to the full immersive experience. Throughout the day there is opportunity to discuss culture, highlighting similarities and differences between Spain and Britain, adding to pupils’ understanding of the wider world.

You can view the MFL Curriculum Map here.


At Swindon Academy music is taught through engaging and practical lessons where children have the opportunity to, play instruments, listen to and compose music and evaluate what they have created and listened to. We aim for music to engage and inspire pupils, to develop a love of music and increase their self-confidence, creativity and their sense of achievement. Pupils develop an understanding of culture, context, time and place whilst developing knowledge on key musical concepts and skills.

You can view the Curriculum Map for Music here.

Design Technology

At Swindon Academy, our Design and Technology curriculum aims to prepare children to take part as creators and innovators in the modern world. By teaching children to approach tasks creatively, we bolster their ability to think outside of the box and become innovate designers. The pupils are encouraged to become driven problem-solvers, who can identify needs and opportunities for high-quality, well-designed products. Whilst studying DT, they will combine practical skills with an understanding of how to make a product that functions in the wider world, by analysing existing products and creators. They will also become reflective and discerning creators themselves, by evaluating and improving their creations to ensure high-quality in all areas: aesthetic, construction, and function.

You can view the DT Curriculum Map here.

Physical Education

We believe in developing healthy, active children who have a love of movement. At Key Stage 1 this includes a focus on fundamental movement skills - agility, balance and co-ordination, through a range of games and sports-based activities. At Key Stage 2 we teach a variety of traditional and new sports, allowing children to explore and perform a wide range of skills with increasing confidence and competency. We also introduce knowledge of the effects of exercise on the body to help children understand the benefits of exercise and sport. Regardless of age, we believe in providing challenge and support for all so that children are successful in lessons and enjoy exercise and movement.

Participation: All pupils are expected to participate in PE lessons. Pupils who are not able to take part due to sickness or injury will require a note from their parents/guardian. If this involves a long-term injury or ailment, then a doctor’s note or medical evidence will be required.


We follow the Jigsaw scheme of learning for our Personal, Social, Emotional and Relationships Education.  We believe that personal, social, health and emotional education is an important and necessary part of our pupils’ education. We aim for our pupils to develop a sense of self, a sense of belonging, an awareness of health, both mentally and physically, as well as respect for diversity within our society. To embrace the challenges of creating a happy and successful adult life, pupils need knowledge that will enable them to make informed decisions about their own wellbeing, health and relationships and to build their self-efficacy. Pupils will put this knowledge into practice as they develop the capacity to make sound decisions when facing risks, challenges and complex contexts. Our curriculum will support our pupils to develop resilience, to know how and when to ask for help, and to know where to access support.

You can view the Curriculum Map for PSHE/RSE here.


How We Teach

To read about how we teach reading, oracy, writing, direct support reading and maths, please click on the relevant link below:

How we teach maths

How we teach reading

How we teach writing

If you have any queries relating to the curriculum at key stage 1 or key stage 2 please contact Miss Beckhurst if your enquiry relates to Beech Avenue, or Mrs Howath-Barnes if your enquiry relates to Alton Close.

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